Many of us plan for the future by having a lasting power of attorney (LPA) in place. This document names an individual (or individuals) we trust to take on our personal affairs, in the event that we lose our mental capacity.
A ‘business LPA’ essentially does the same thing but only within the parameters of our business interests; it nominates an individual who a business owner trusts to take decisions regarding the running of the business, when they are no longer able to. In a nutshell, having a nominated attorney to make decisions, authorise payments, and enter contracts enables business continuity. Consequently, it safeguards the future of the business and your family’s income.
It is possible to have a single LPA for both your business and personal financial affairs. However, this is not recommended unless the individual who you have nominated to look after your personal affairs has the relevant skills, knowledge and expertise to run and protect your business. You will also need to consider if appointing the same person could potentially create a conflict of interest for them.
It is also important to consider the structure and nature of a business in deciding how essential a business LPA is. If you are a sole trader it is likely that essentially you ‘are the business’. Consequently, any loss of capacity is likely to mean your business is no longer able to trade – placing you and your family’s income at risk. In this scenario, having someone who knows your business and is able to ‘step into your shoes’ to make decisions is likely to be essential.
This can be particularly important if you have an accident, for example, and are only temporarily unable to make commercial decisions.
If you are a partner and part of a partnership, you may find that your partnership agreement already has provisions in place for what would happen should one of you become incapacitated. If this is the case, you can still have an LPA in place to deal with your business affairs, but you will need to ensure the wording of the LPA does not conflict with the wording in the partnership agreement.
If you do not have a written agreement in place, you will need to seek advice to ensure the wording of the LPA does not conflict with the relevant legislation governing partnerships. Similarly, if you are a shareholder you will need to refer back to any shareholder agreements to (1) see if incapacity is dealt with and (2) ensure your LPA does not conflict with it. If there is no shareholders’ agreement or LPA in place, your family members or the business will need to make an application to the Court of Protection for the appointment of a deputy to act on your behalf, which is expensive and can take several months to be dealt with.
If you are a director, you should check the company’s articles of association as these will often state that appointment as a director will be terminated in the event of the loss of mental capacity. Also, articles of association often do not allow a director to delegate their responsibilities, so if this is the case then an LPA is unlikely to be much help. This can be particularly problematic in the event of a company with only one director
Unexpected incapacity can have the potential to damage and risk your business, so it is important to consider what contingency measures you need in place. Forward planning is vital if you need your business to still operate, in the event you are unable to make decisions yourself.
For more information, read Willans’ online guide to lasting powers of attorney or contact the firm on 01242 514000.
Helen Howes is a solicitor who works across Willans LLP’s corporate & employment teams. She works with national, international and local clients across a wide range of industry sectors.